Raising a Bluebird Family

Raising a clutch of Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) is such an special moment, and no easy task.

Cavity nesting birds face many modern challenges such as invasive bird species to compete with (on top of competing with native cavity nesters. Habitat decline and development also pose a big risk to their survival.

I began my nest box journey in 2018 when I erected a nest box in my backyard. Early spring that year, Eastern Bluebirds were fortunately arriving to the nest box, however halfway through the year a stubborn male House Sparrow took over and made a very messy nest, Bird poop was all over the top and inside and bugs lived in it.

Late summer brought a male House Wren to this abandoned nest box as it sung on top. The wren never attracted a mate and gave up before the cold of winter came through.

Fast forward to early spring of 2019, and the process was starting to look the same.

Little did I know that success was beginning to be found..

I began to see the beautiful little azure birds again, a pair started to check out the box and set up shop.

The first clutch is typically Early April to mid-May. The second clutch is typically from mid-June to mid-July, and there may even be a third clutch in late summer during August.

So here is a day-to-day highlight of the best moments during their nest building, egg laying, and young raising all the way to fledgling. Enjoy!

Some of the photos above are of favorite perches they were seen on, including a nearby antenna, a shed, various fences and a bird feeder pole.

Early May: I’ve been seeing Eastern Bluebirds here and there checking out the nest box. Making sure the habitat is suitable. I have this nest box facing away from the sun and wind. The box is looking towards fairly open grasses in a suburban neighborhoods with no fences. I found it hard to believe but they enjoy this space as much as they would an open meadow or cropland. One of their favorite spots to perch and hunt is from an old antenna tower next door.

This is the time when bluebirds lay a second clutch.

Late May: A very clean cup nest is being made, similar in design to a bluebird nest.

June 7th: Two bluebird eggs are in the nest! I see the parents come and go with nesting material and guarding the nest box.

June 11th: Three more eggs were laid, making a total of five. A typical bluebird clutch is about five to seven.

June 22nd: Still the same five eggs, no hatches yet. Both the male and female hang around the nest box for most of the day. A nearby European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) was foraging along the ground underneath the nest box. The male flew from his perch and chased the nonnative bird away to a nearby crabapple tree. The male returned to the nest box top a moment later. Safe to say that most birds become very territorial when someone is near their eggs or young.

June 23rd: Eggs must’ve hatched this morning. The male Bluebird was bringing worms and other larvae to the nest box to feed the mouths as well as his partner. Feeding displays of the male and female are observed on top of the nest box.

Due to the sensitivity of the hatchlings, I avoided opening the nest box as much and stopped using flash to take a picture.

June 27th: Finally got a moment to carefully observe the hatchlings in the nest box. The parents still return frequently.

July 1st: The male bluebird is hunting and foraging basically all day as he returns to the nest box with worms and other larvae for the newborns.

Sitting high on a tree branch perch above the nest box. The male will swoop down to the grass below, pluck out a bug and fly back to the nest box.

July 3rd: The hatchlings are growing up fast. Should be ready to fledge soon.

July 7th: A single male House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) floats/flies towards the nest box hole before winging out of the way. The five hatchlings chirp in unison for at least a minute afterwards.

July 8th: Four of the birds have fledged! Upon checking the nest box, one is left behind.

July 9th: The last bluebird fledges and the nest is now empty. Success!

This is why birds are so wonderful, so see their growth and progress truly embeds us as one and the same with them. Leave a comment down below if you enjoyed the article, and share any success (or failure) stories you’ve had with monitoring nest boxes.

Happy Bluebirding!

Nothing else says true love quite as much as sharing a meal together.

If you are interested in supporting Bluebird conservation and all Ohio cavity nesters. I would recommend a donation or yearly membership to the Ohio Bluebird Society or North American Bluebird Society.

To submit your own sightings and reporting of nesting birds, please consider using Cornell Lab’s NestWatch website to log your data for citizen science.

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Is Photography Art?

I have visited a number of fine art galleries big and small over time, and only one so far has said ‘no’ to accepting any photography.

And so recently I visited a local art gallery with a juried exhibition.

The subject matter? Landscapes.

All artistic mediums were accepted, and fortunately I saw a variety of them present: a lot of paintings, sculptures, wall art, ceramics, mixed media, and of course photography.

Photography was in fact well represented, more than half of the exhibit was such.

And what’s wrong with that? Landscape photography is massive at the moment. So much that the industry is bloated with them, admittedly so.

While I enjoyed the both film and digital photos, my annoyance came when viewing the guestbook halfway through the show..

“Too much photos/digital stuff.”

“Too much photography.”

“Where are the paintings?”

With some optimism sprinkled in between such as..

“Nice to see photography being represented well!”

To be honest I felt a little bit offended, and I wasn’t even showing any of my work in this group exhibit! I felt a little sympathetic for the very talented photographers exhibiting.

People have their opinions and that is fine. To be honest I will say I wished there were more landscape paintings involved. Art is simply art to me.

And while none of them said photography isn’t art. It still got me thinking..

what really is Photography?
is it Art?

To start, we need to know what art is; what does that word objectively mean?

Let’s rationally break down what a typical photographer may do in their day-to-day activities and operations.

So, art is defined as…

“Skill acquired by experience, study, or observation.”

In its simplest form of explanation, I go out and press the shutter button. But that’s not it, to make a halfway decent photograph requires a trained eye for pleasing composition and balance. That to me sounds like a skill or set of skills based on experience, study and/or observation.

“An occupation requiring knowledge or skill.”

Photography can and is an occupation for millions of people around the world. Any occupation requires a legitimate set of knowledge and skills in order to finish the task.

I only can improve with making an effort and with time. Studying the works of others and observing my own failed photos helps to become a better photographer.

Even after the shutter capture, I still meticulously edit the image file, then print on the suitable papers, checking all the colors for accuracy. Then choosing a frame and matting that appeals to the photos’ strengths while improving the overall “experience.”

And as I said, many people make a living producing these works or similar, whether for a client on commission or for a gallery.

“The conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects.”

This is perhaps my favorite definition for the word. I am taking a tangible three-dimensional reality, for example a old-growth forest, and transferring it to a two-dimensional photograph. There is a conscious need to know what looks right vs. wrong in making a photograph of something real.

Not only that, but the photo must have a stopping-power that only the best can do. Stellar use of contrast, color or subject matter needs to apparent, and that only comes with harnessing a creative imagination.

Now, that image you have created is the production of an aesthetic object. Photos can document and spread awareness or ideas, but at the end of the day they are a means of communication or entertainment. With the photo being an object to admire and appreciate for aesthetic purposes.

“One of the fine arts.”

This is obvious, but a good majority of photography can be classified as “fine art.” To be fine art photography in my opinion is producing an image or print in hopes of selling if after the fact to prospective buyers. In essence, the opposite of commercial photography. I am creating this image first and foremost for myself and with my unique vision, but then intending on someone else to “buy my unique vision” in the form of an open or limited edition print.

You can probably guess, but yes.

I believe photography is an art form, and always will.

Art transcends digital pixels and technology and is no different from using a paintbrush or pastel, which at one point were considered new technology as well.

So with that being said, I personally don’t care what camera you choose to use, or whether you shoot digital or film, full-frame or mirrorless.

The point is, to keep on shooting shutter bugs and f-stoppers.

Photography is alive and well.

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Searching For a Great Horned Owl Nest

Woodman Fen is a gorgeous example of a (now) rare wetland habitat in southwest Ohio.

Where 90% of Ohio in pre-settlement times was comprised of wetlands and prairie, now wetlands have become an important ecosystem to conserve. Fens, bogs and marshes are home to many native flora and fauna that depend on them for survival.

It was mid-April of 2019 and I was on photo trip at nearby Hills & Dales Metropark in the Oakwood area of Dayton. Some passerby hikers told me of some nesting Great Horned Owls in Woodman Fen, they didn’t know specifically where though. With a credible piece of advice, this became my first real attempt at “owling.”

In less than a week I make my way to the fen, scouting out the area in the late afternoon light while asking several other visitors if they’ve seen them around yet to no avail. Every local seems to be aware of owls yet no one knows where to find them.

While waiting for dusk I find myself at a large patch of invasive plant species called Garlic Mustard that are growing along the shaded loop trail around the fen. Their name comes from the aroma given off by the crushed leaves. Macro photography keeps me occupied while I like high up in the trees with every step.

Typical owl nests can be over eighty feet high in the trees, making a good look at them difficult from the fen’s wetland floor. Every semi-large bird flying overhead catches my attention, yet none are the owls.

Great Horned Owls may nest in tree cavities such as this one. This is a hole over seventy feet up in a tree that I looked at through binoculars for a while. I swear I saw an Owl’s face in there!

About 45 minutes before sunset, exhausted and sweaty from the hike, I set out one last time to search for them as they come out to hunt. Going out again with no expectations of sighting any owls, morale was fairly low.

I decide that the better vantage point for viewing would be to hike the very muddy loop trail instead of going straight through the boardwalk. No sooner than five minutes back into the fen, I witness a very large bird very high up on the trees.

My heart sinks, this has to be it. This is an owl.

This is an adult perched with a possible rodent kill, with their excellent hearing, This one is already staring me down. As my first sighting of a Great Horned Owl in the wild, I will never forget that look it gave me. (seen in the images below)

Not long after this sighting is when I hear an immature owlet’s call and see it. The juvenile looked to be almost all grown up and the adult male was helping catch food for it to eat. My assumption is that they were out so early in the night due to a lack of food?

The adult male had some sort of small rodent in its mouth, and as the two images above suggest, must’ve almost dropped it as it struggled to regain its balance on the tree branch.

As the fen grew darker and darker, all I could see was their three silhouettes perched on the same tall tree branch as they waited. I had a few minutes to leave the fen and so I packed it up and left. Under the cover of the night sky and the owlet’s wheezy call in the distance. I drive home with a successful batch of photos, a compelling video, and some memories to last a lifetime.

Fast Forward to 9:26 to hear my in-the-moment reactions to spotting the owls.

All of the photos were taken at 600mm so it goes to show just how far away these owls were!

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Finding Your Photographic Style

A photographic style, kind of like finding your life purpose.

Same day, same sunset. It pays off to turn around for another look!

Style is defined as “a distinctive manner of expression.”

Over the years, I have narrowed my style down to a particular set of guidelines or standards.

To make a metaphor. I see all the muscles as parts that make up your creative style, but they always will flex on the same arm, also known as your body of work.

Like muscles, you have to train and develop those points of interest over time.

Some Ohio naturalists and biologists wanna simply document living species, regardless of the quality of light.

An experiment with panoramas. While the lighting isn’t too exciting, this surely documents the area for future visits with better light.

There is nothing wrong with this! To me photography is the perfect artistic medium where “anything goes.” Nature photojournalism has a powerful niche within that place. Some of my favorite photos do just that, documenting the living things around us.

But one has to wonder when the photojournalism is elevated to an art form.

Personally I want my body of work to stand between these lines. Further blurring fine art and nature photojournalism.

Over the years I realized that I don’t wanna just simply document, at least not always.

I wanna show nature artfully while keeping true to its’ roots.

Describe Your Process of Seeing With Words

I have noticed that I describe the photos to others using one word a lot: juxtaposition.

Juxtaposition is defined as “the act of placing two or more things side by side to compare or contrast to create an interesting effect.”

I enjoy conveying the calm and collected fragility of nature, while sometimes switching it up with jagged and “intense” leading lines. This is one example I noticed throughout my work, a strong use of these straight lines, interwoven with vanishing points and curves.

The above two images were taken in different months, two different locations, two different seasons. Yet I captured them in the same way. Upon seeing the two photos together as prints, the connection became clearer.

Likewise, I enjoy making aimless and meandering pieces of art. The minimalism clashing with the chaotic. Balancing the two in a single image.

The photos display inner details and ideas, while others show everything no matter how beautiful or ugly.

You Won’t Figure This Out Overnight

In order to find your photography style, keep shooting!

I am several years in and just now starting to see patterns and connections in my entire portfolio.

The more you shoot good and (more likely) bad photos, your trained eye will gain a sense of perspective.

Certain people enjoy specific compositions more than others, that same goes for focal lengths, colors, lighting conditions, etc.

Now I personally don’t narrow my portfolio down to a certain white balance and color tone, other photographers achieve this so well. Is a moody color palette with a warm splash of red or orange more of your thing? Own up to it!

It goes without but “what do you like to see?”

More so, “what do you want to see more of?”

What is lacking in the art and photography world? Find a way to carve a definitive niche in the industry.

Your peers and viewers of your work will admire your desire to stand out from the crowd.

One last idea, and this is more of a writing prompt to try.

Write an Artist Statement

Yes, an artist statement can be an oft-forgotten part of the photography world. Typically written by fine art photographers only, I recommend creating your own regardless of genre or niche.

Clearly you shouldn’t copy another’s statement, but read a few others before embarking on your own writing. Get inspired!

Diagonal lines, reflections, horizons. This is a big part of my way of seeing.

Like how this writing piece began, a photographic style is like finding your life purpose.

Never give up that search, those who seek it will eventually find their style.

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A Nature Photographer’s Workflow

Workflow is a topic of debate among many photographers (and any working professionals).

The day starts with a shutter capture…
…and ends with a beautiful photo or a print.


Workflow is by definition; “the sequence of steps involved in moving from the beginning to the end of a working process.”

To put it simply, there is no right or wrong way to approach this.

Every (nature) photographer will have their own unique set of circumstances and steps to the process. Like any well-oiled machine, that process is fine-tuned over the years to suit their needs.

So allow me to briefly list out my way of operating as I currently am. Naturally this entire workflow is flexible and has changed many times over the years. Because of this, I wouldn’t recommend following it verbatim. I am merely looking to show you how I work in order to inform you of ways to improve your own workflow.

This is all about sharing ideas and knowledge, so let’s begin..right at the very beginning.

Planning a photo trip

Decide what you need to bring vs. don’t need.

I research the location(s) I plan on shooting days or even weeks in advance. Searching tooth and comb on resources like Google Maps and the websites of local park districts for my next location. I then look for my next big window of time off I have and I follow through with my plans. It’s important to stick with your plans and not blow it off for friends or because of the weather. Now I’m a bit of an oddity as I plan locations but don’t always plan subject matter. Maybe this is to safeguard any feelings of failure, but I like a nature space to “show me” the subjects I want to shoot. So instead I go there with an idea in mind of what I will see (spring wildflowers, warblers, etc) yet will not be dead-set on a single point of interest.

For example if I’m more than likely shooting wildlife, the telephoto lens will already be attached to the main camera body, ready to go. I will then pick out the clothes from my wardrobe (in this case some Realtree camouflage works well) followed by searching up that location on eBird for whatever sightings have come up recently. Do your research! I bring field guides with me to leave in my car or bag in case I need to quickly identify a species. However, I would much rather use my time out in the field photographing than thumbing through pages, so read up on likely-to-see subjects beforehand.

Wildlife is a special case, however my typical kit includes small telephotos and wide angle lenses for anything else. Landscapes, macro, flowers, insects all require this gear and I wear more “pedestrian” clothes for these cases. Invest in a good pair of waterproof hiking boots! ? A lot of physical and mental prep is needed to make a trip happen. I very rarely just go out at the drop of a hat. If I set aside a day to work on writing or editing, then I do that, regardless of how amazing the weather is outside.

The time it takes

When out in the field. I typically spend half-days (8-10 hours) in the field and full days for trips farther out. Yes, that is dawn to dusk. Trust me, I really don’t feel like getting out of bed at 5am either but once I’m out hiking under the beautiful twilight, then I am reminded why I do this. Typically the half days are either before sunrise to midday noon when the lighting gets very washed out and harsh. I will also wait the morning out and leave home around noon to begin, being out until sunset. These trips work best when I use those first several hours of overhead sun to scout out locations and compositions.

The photo op

This is where the magic happens. The real reason we do what we do!

As you can tell, these trips can have long hours of sweating out in the middle of nowhere. Some days I may see two or three people at most if I’m lucky. A long time may be spent waiting for that bird to move in closer or to strike that fish out of the water. A lot of time may be spent studying the last bit of light in the day as the sun sets. Or when a stubborn wildflower stops moving in the wind so you can get one shot. In short, you have to be a little obsessed, well, very obsessed. You won’t improve much sitting at home, you gotta “get out there!”

The image

For this location I set out to photograph this specific waterfall after heavy rainfall came through the day before.

This is where the conception of an image may take place. A sunrise landscape, a morning heron eating a fishy breakfast in the mist. By noon I am typically either packing up for the half-day or scouting locations out for a full-day which I’ll shoot later on.

After capture

I get home and either immediately plug the cameras in the computer or wait a day or two to “see with a new set of eyes.” That all depends on if I was outdoors all day or not. Generally I want to make a copy or backup of my files soon after capture. Whatever suits you is fine.

Copy & Backup

I will open up my RAW files one by one in order. Carefully checking for things like (under or over) exposure or the focus. Delete the ones that a definitely not worthy of space on your hard drive. Then make a list of the ones you wish to edit and which ones get cut. Be ruthless! Only put time into your best shots and scrap the rest. I write the file names down on a small white board. Ex. if the filename is IMG_1234.CR2 then I will write “1234, the next file…” and so on until I’ve looked through the whole memory card once or thrice. Try your best not to let photos pile up on the memory card without backing up and editing them!

I have several means of storing my files, I recommend three separate storage spaces. Two of mine are local; the main computer hard drive and an external hard drive connected to the computer at all times. I have read of clogging up a computer’s HDD to slow down the entire operating system however I haven’t found that to be true. I manually sync a select number of folders a couple times a week to the external drive.

The third backup is cloud-based, and it’s my website. Fortunately Smugmug has unlimited photo storage space. Should either one of my other drives fail then I still have my best work up in the cloud. RAW files originals on the local end go into folders separated by year-month-location.

I typically need to decompress my head before looking at what I just took so I wait a bit. As said above I sometimes don’t get to editing the images for up to a week! However when I come back to them, all the joy and excitement comes flooding back to me of being in that moment. That means it’s time to edit!

Post Processing

Here is a video playlist of images I have edited.

I will open up my software of choice; Skylum Software‘s Luminar 3 for single images and Aurora 2019 for HDR brackets. Working through the images one at a time from my list. I stick to a select few adjustment sliders that work contrast, HSL (for saturation), exposure, sharpness, etc. Never spending more than five minutes on a single image. To me, the more time spent on a single file, the more overproduced it will become.

Cataloging & Sorting

Up on the website they go!

I typically edit way more images than I plan to upload to the website. This is to ensure I get a variety of perspectives and colors, including converting some to black and white. After exporting each one as a JPG file at 80% quality, I then use a software to reduce that file size without degrading quality. This helps with file transfers, long term storage space, and with website load times.

Next step is a matter of handpicking which of these narrowed down files will land a coveted space on the website. While I have unlimited storage space on Smugmug, I still only want to show my best work in the public portfolio. I upload the “keeper” shots on the website while all the outputted JPG files are moved to local folders separated by subject matter i.e. Macro, Landscapes, Water on the desktop computer.

Filenames are given in regard to the main subject. Typically this is the acronym followed by a number. A wildlife image with a specific species will differ from a landscape shot. For example, the fifth Northern Cardinal image I have edited ever will have a filename of NC_05.jpg or something along those lines. Find what works for you.

Keywords becomes another thing to consider, I only apply keywords to the website-bound images. Using a simple word document file with a list of keywords for each gallery, copying and pasting it for each respective photo. I fill in any other details like locations, subject scientific names (if it applies) and photo titles. Also to rearrange the flow of the galleries with these new tenants. Basically we want to make everything look pretty and uncluttered.

Printing & Final Thoughts

One last step, and this is a big optional one, is to print your work.

I do a lot of printing myself and find it just as satisfactory as taking the image itself. Using a Canon iP8720 to print borderless as large as 13×19 and as small as 4×6. This is obviously not required to produce a photo.

For me, printing is something I mull over for a while (potentially weeks or months) before considering which photos get to grace the ink and paper. This is a whole other topic that is worthy of its’ own blog post, so I’ll just leave it at that.

Hopefully this has been a clear and detailed look into my workflow. Like mentioned at the beginning, this is a snapshot in time as the process is always evolving and changing.

If you’re a beginner, then don’t stress too much over finding a way to operate your craft. These matters will come naturally to you with time.

Until next time, happy trails and get shooting!

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The Hike is as Important as the Photo

There, I said it.

This is the perfect example of persistence. An all-day solo backpacking trip around the lake and woods ends with the sunset spectacle seen here. I could’ve packed up and left midday but I felt the need to wait it out. I’m glad I listened to that gut feeling.

Nature photography and hiking go hand in hand. I first started hiking mainly on my own as a way to reflect on life and to enjoy all the senses that a natural space can bring. At this time, the physical action of getting outside to places I love was the goal.

Soon after I started bringing a camera along on my bike rides and walks. The camera and any photos were a recording of memories. The experience was what I was after, capturing it on digital pixels was the byproduct. As long as I could get outdoors as often as possible, I was happy and content.

The photo is a means to an end; the end result. But an amazing image needs a compelling story to back it up. Without it, the entire cohesive piece of work feels hollow. A two-dimensional picture paired with a two-dimensional story is a failed experiment.

When starting out, I narrowed my photographic interests down to nature because there is a timeless quality to nature. Look throughout historical texts and old paintings, nature has always been omnipresent in life. While fashion trends in advertising photography come and go every year, nature is constant. A good nature photograph never loses its’ appeal.

Minimalist Sunset Landscape

Every now and again I lose my way in the vast sea of voices echoing the same photos and stories around the internet and beyond. It can be all too easy to fall into the trap of believing that your work is too similar to others. Be inspired, but seek out your lane to drive in. Humans love authenticity. Own up to it.

The photo is a great visual reaction to the hike, but the adventure is the reason I move.

Hiking all day for miles and really seeing how the light will interplay with the landscape harnesses my creative ability more than a photo would.

A majority of my trips in the field result in nothing too interesting happening. I can recall many days where I’d be out 8 to 10 hours at a time and turn up with 50 .raw files total, and about half of those are bracketed so about less than 20 different and unique images. Then, how many of those are worthy of a space on the website? Maybe two or three if I am lucky.

The hunt and search for that perfect image comes at the expense of work, and hard work at that. Likewise, there will be times of luck and being in the right place, right time. Overall I never got anywhere sitting on my butt at home. Expand your worldview, travel and see what is really out there.

The story comes to matter just as much as the photo. Remember, the byproduct. All parts are what make it whole. So, maybe in a way..

The journey is more important than the end.

Another example of revisiting the same spot several times in a day to understand how the light affects the camera. By the day’s end, I was gifted with this gradient lighting.

Thoughts or opinions? Let’s get a discussion going.

Thank you for reading.

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Stress and “Ecotherapy”

Just what the doctor ordered, a walk through nature. Maybe this is the prescription that the patient needed all along! The instructions say to “take a hike.”

It goes by many names: ecotherapy, ecopsychology, green therapy, nature therapy, or earth-centered therapy.

Regardless, it helps to disconnect with the modern urban world and reconnect with the soil beneath our feet.

The study of ecotherapy dates back to 1992, when Theodore Roszak coined the term in his book, The Voice of the Earth.

Simply put, the more time we spend outdoors, the more our awareness increases. Stress decreases and our connection to the earth improves dramatically. Mood and self-esteem is magnified when we go out into the sunlight.

Everything is connected so we must appreciate it.

I enjoy practicing my film-making skills when out in the field. Over time I have produced and edited several short visual pieces that I have titled “Nature Blips.”

Generally less than two minutes long, these generally single-frame videos are a way for viewers to soak in the sights and sounds we often gloss over. Shortened down to be brief but powerful none the less. In a way these are like my eco-therapy expressed in a motion picture.

I’d recommend grabbing a nice pair of headphones and putting these videos on full screen. Hopefully you can feel the essence of being there as I did in the moment. Enjoy the playlist!

Feel any better? I sure hope so!

Is there a particular spot that you enjoy going to to de-stress? Chime in down below or send me an email.

Happy trails!

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On Wildlife Ethics

This photo of a Pileated Woodpecker in a nest cavity was taken with a 600mm focal length. Far away enough that I cropped the photo during post processing, I would rather crop the image before overtaking the birds’ well-being.

Throughout all of my work, there is an underlying tinge of conservation. Allow me to quote some sentences from my website’s bio and artist statement..

“Call it experiential photography: documenting the living things around us and delivering that moment to you, the viewer, is my purpose. Reflected in my work is a deep ecological concern for the fragile and precious environments on our planet. However, I tend to focus on what beauty is already there rather than the harrowing consequences of humanity’s actions that affect tomorrow.

“The intentions of my work are to inspire people to feel more connected with the natural world. To challenge the viewer to see that nature is an important part of our world we must appreciate every day, and not take for granted. To sit in quiet contemplation of a grand vista or landscape in the evening glow of light or in silent observance of an animal carrying out daily life is unlike any other mindful experience. With my weapon of choice, the camera, armed in hand and ready to squeeze the shutter. I approach my craft two-fold: as fine art that can be appreciated being framed and hung from a wall in a pleasant space, and as photojournalism to document the ever-evolving nature around us. The images I create are meticulously printed, matted, and framed to preserve the real look of what I saw and what I want to share. As seasons change and species grow or disappear, I hope to bring awareness to conserve and learn about these bygones of a forgotten era. If my images make prospective viewers want to learn more and “get out there” then I’ve done my job.


Acknowledging the past, recording the present, and preserving the future.”

The only times I have spooked wildlife are when they see me before I see them. This is bound to happen often and I want to discern it from intentional harming or danger.

Therefore, in order to facilitate some discussion. I wanted to share my personal ethos on the matter.

Simply put, do no harm.

But first I will play devil’s advocate for a bit, I understand the sentiment of most budding wildlife photographers. Daily we are flooded with jaw-dropping images of a bird or mammal that take up the entire frame. So naturally our first inclination is to emulate the masters and or inspirations.

Good intentions? Maybe. Harmful? Possibly.

Consider this a lesson learned. As I waded through the water, the geese started cackling as a warning before taking off. Now I know when to not push their boundaries.

The professionals certainly have learned a way to ethically approach wildlife without disturbing or harming their way of life. Depending on the species you’re going for, you will have to do your research quite a bit. Learn how the animal reacts to humans in their presence, learn about their nest placement (if it is mating season.) Knowledge is the best approach to avoiding harm.

If you are a wildlife photographer and feel as though you have to move in close enough to scare away the animal, you are doing it wrong!

Putting a bird through distress just so they fly away and you get your “in flight shot” is the worst way to photograph them.

During mating and nesting season, birds are on high alert to protect their hatchlings and nestlings. The problem is that when they are disturbed, the parents of a lot of species will retreat and never return if their nest is threatened.

Ring Billed Gulls at Sunset

Thoughts or opinions? What do you believe is ethical in terms of wildlife? I wanna hear what you have to say.

Take care and get out there.

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Creative States and “Flow”

I am alone in the forest. Focused on the task at hand. A cascading waterfall flows into a stream. I use all of my senses to gauge the situation and potential photographic opportunity. Next I go through my mental checklist to set up the shot.

Leveling the tripod, using the live view, dialing the settings and exposure just right.

Checking the frame’s corners, fine tuning the lens focus, and..

A dog barks, a child yells, a breakaway from focus.

You were 110% sucked into your craft, time felt as though it would cease to exist or matter. Your eyes began to have “tunnel vision.” Then there was a simple noise or distraction and your attention was violently pulled back into reality. Did it ever feel the same after that lapse in focus? Probably not.

I study the light like a sniper trains his crosshairs on the target. Personally for me, being a maldaptive daydreamer quite possibly perpetuates the flow state.

As defined in this article by Psychology Today, flow is “an optimal state of consciousness where feel our best and perform our best.”

While I am just mentioning photography here, any artist or athlete can enter the “flow state,” whether they knew it or not.

This is a strange mix of being hyper-focused and yet seemingly detached from surroundings that are around you.

Typically tense or stressful events can cause our brains to become laser-focused, awareness grows and our performance of that which we do becomes paramount.

I believe this behavioral trait goes back to Darwinism and early homo sapian times, when hunting animals meant that our attention had to be fully given to our actions, lest we become eaten.

Essentially, life or death.

Some studies suggest that people are more creative during flow, and that they feel more creative the day after a flow state.

First, what is one thing you like to do? I mean, love to do.

An activity or hobby that requires intense visual coordination. In a nature photographer’s case, maybe tracking a bird in flight through the viewfinder, or how the evening light plays out as it changes every minute before sunset.

Flow is the reason I spend 8 to 10 hours a day out in nature. I have found some of my best work comes out of creative states of mind such as this.

While all of this may make it sound like I believe Flow is the best thing to ever happen to my creativity, this isn’t always the case. To be honest, Flow can be quite maddening. While I cannot personally recall a time, Flow can divert your attention from nearby dangers and put your safety at risk. All of this single-minded attention may just steer you away from other obligations like a day job, family, friends, and relationships.

Despite this, the creative state known as “Flow” is a fascinating way of mind that most creatives will have to live with. Enjoy its’ presence, as it is quite possibly what keeps you staying energetic and passionate about what you love to do.

How does Flow affect your creativity? Love it? Hate it? Feel free to chime in down below in the comments.

Thanks for reading.

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Music That Inspires The Creative Process

This will be a very off topic blog entry. Photography will be mentioned but not be discussed in this one-off post.

Consider this your warning.

Am I overstepping boundaries? Maybe. But hey, this is my blog after all. One single post won’t hurt anyone.

I would consider myself a very private person, something of a recluse by nature. After socializing for too long at a time, I devote myself to three things: either in front of the computer or on the trails..

..and the third thing has been music. Time and time again, I find music to satisfy that creative itch when I need to escape or reflect. Music stirs up as many emotions as would a compelling photograph, mine or otherwise. Daily music listening of any kind helps me function as a person.

Without it, life would be duller and photography would be harder.

Fortunately, I am always on the lookout for new sounds to grace my ears and inspire the entire creative process. While this isn’t the only music genres I listen to, this is perhaps a fine representation of auditory compositions that remind me of nature and art in general.

I am not a trained musician so bear with my descriptions of these songs.

The majority of these are instrumental tracks from soundtracks and other soundscapes, ranging from ambient, pop, electronica, indie and rock. In no particular order, here is the curated compilation. Enjoy the listening!

Color Therapy – The Dusk Mother

For very warbling and moody electronica, look no further. Color Therapy is from the mastermind of Adam Young, a man with countless side projects. You may have heard of Owl City, as well as Sky Sailing, Windsor Airlift, etc. I am a big fan of just about everything Young has created, but the Color Therapy’s lone debut album Mr. Wolf is Dead is perhaps one of the finest single works he has put out to date. Like the above video, I am instantly teleported to nature and exploration. If music is therapeutic, then this is it. For more recommendations, check out “Drive vs. Fly” and “Yachats.”

Port Blue – June Bug

Another side project from Adam Young, this one resembling the “soundtrack of my dreams.” More ambient-influenced, there is a variety of synths and sounds to adore here. “June Bug” is the perfect example of a beatless instrumental that is a joy to hear. For other tracks, check out “Juneau”, “Parking Lot Fireworks” and “Pond Skater.”

Jon Hopkins – Immunity

Jon Hopkins is an English producer/musician of melodramatic electronic music. Immunity is an impeccable example of electronica with heart and soul, as if playing out like a movie soundtrack. The titular track above is a fantastic closer to the entire album however I would recommend a straight listen through this entire piece of art.

Charlie Dreaming – Dream #1 (Arrival)

A rather lowkey producer of “sweet dreaming music.” Charlie Dreaming is a Canadian music producer of beatless, droning ambient music. The compositions are rather short yet leave you craving for more. At the time of this writing he has about enough music to listen to in half an hour, but it is all very solid and consistent. I would highly recommend it for reflective creating of your own work.

Connor Youngblood – Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge

This track has nature written all over it. The song was literally created for Sustain Music and Nature. The music video features footage of the refuge itself and the song is intermixed with the bird calls of various waterfowl from the refuge. Echoing piano and soothing lyrics mixed with gorgeous cinematography. This indie song pays incredible homage to the song’s namesake refuge in Utah and to nature in general.

Ulrich Schnauss – Between Us and Them

The key to Ulrich Schnauss is crescendos and progression. Over this seven minutes sweeping electronic romp, we are given a hypnotic drum loop over light and airy synth lines. Halfway through right at the seemingly climax is happening, the track dials back only to pick up right where it left off before truly sounding off. For other favorites of mine, listen to “Knuddelmaus” and “Suddenly the Trees Are Giving Way.”

deadmau5 – Strobe

While well known for his dance-influenced club music, Joel Zimmerman can create some very ambient experimental music. The track above is an altered rendition of a former progressive house number with fully orchestrated pieces this time. I fondly remember walking through Autumn woods while listening to “I Forget” as leaves fell all around me. “Snowcone” to me inspires the awe of visiting someplace new. Like the snow-drifted mau5head in the video and the cold-tone synths suggest. This track reminds me of cabin fever and finally emerging out into the cold world we inhabit. His music inspires me through and through.

Tycho – Receiver

Tycho is the brainchild of Scott Hansen. Under the name ISO50, he was a photographer and digital artist at first before expanding into music. The brilliant visuals often accompany all the branding and artwork for Tycho’s music. “Receiver” helps me recall a time when I was listening to it while walking through a small patch of woods near my house. Leaves blowing all around and the sunlight hitting my face.

Nine Inch Nails – 02 Ghosts I

Trent Reznor is at the helm of all things NIN, and Ghosts I-IV is no slouch to being its’ own instrumental album. Tracks like the above “02 Ghosts I” really embody a style that I find endearing to listen to. Some of my first YouTube videos featured intros and outros of music from this album.

Thom Yorke – Twist

The legendary Thom Yorke from Radiohead fame has made himself well known through his solo releases. Much more electronic and moody, “Twist” is a dizzying romp through a seven minute soundscape of synthesized beats. Definitely a track to get lost in and focus on working at the same time!

Trent Reznor & Atticus Ross – Hand Covers Bruise

Picture this: a cold rainy day or night. Time seems to slow. The Social Network Soundtrack always held such a feeling of strange darkness. The opener, “Hand Covers Bruise,” transport you to the grim world. A world where a person is trying to make something big happen, all the while conquering his inner turmoil and winning/losing friends. Who else can relate? Powerful music coming from Mr. Reznor and Ross.

Angels & Airwaves – Reel 1 (Diary)

Angels & Airwaves is a band that has a timeless, positive vibe to their sound. While more or less inactive at the time of this writing. They are a main reason I got out exploring with photography. I would ride my bike to local nature reserves as often as possible during the spring and summer while listening to AVA. If you want to conquer anything, listen to “The Adventure” or “Heaven.” In the case of “Diary,” feel how beautiful and fragile life is, like birth to death in eight minutes. You write your own story when you hear it.

In regards to when I am doing computer work, i.e. post processing or writing on the blog like this, I may listen to a mix of bossa nova jazz or lofi hip hop music. Either one is useful to study and focus on thinking-intensive tasks.

This has helped me relax and focus at the same time.
Less upbeat than jazz, yet all the more relaxing to create work to.

I hope you found some new music to enjoy. Art to me has always been a universal creative endeavor. This is why I use many types of media and mediums to express my love of nature and the outdoors. Art has the power to transcend labels and inspire everyone around us.

Do you have any music that inspires your creativity?

Drop a link down in the comments. Have a great day.

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What Was Your First Camera?

Six years and counting, me and this camera have been through a lot.

My first DSLR camera body was a Canon EOS Rebel T3. With a whopping 12.2 megapixel CMOS sensor, this is where I got my start with photography (megapixels don’t mean a whole lot). I had the choice between the Rebel T3 and a comparable Nikon model, I stuck with the Canon and have ever since. Nikon’s don’t feel comfortable in my hands.

The reason I wanted a DSLR of my own was from recently taking photography classes in high school. We were allowed to check out Nikon DSLR’s which I did as much as I can. While this wasn’t my first encounter with photography itself, this sealed the deal for me. I was suddenly very interested in creating with a camera whenever I could.

Here comes Christmas 2013, my only gift that year was this Rebel T3. Rightfully so, as the bundle it was in costed $500. My parents only allowed for a $500 limit.

Little did I know this would be one of the most important gifts I would ever get.

By the time I got my hands on this wonderful piece of tech, there were already new editions in the Rebel EOS line that surpassed this one in performance. None of that mattered to me anyways, I was glad to have a real camera.

This came in a B&H Photo bundle with a standard 18-55mm kit lens, a pretty common beginners’ lens, which I sold a couple of years ago. Kit lenses are great for beginners but I “outgrew” it and began to see all the limitations. Plus, they’re practically worth nothing as they are mass produced for almost every entry-level camera. Also included was a small Ruggard sling bag which fit all the gear.

The ISO levels are pitiful, anything above 1000 will introduce noise. Regardless, this camera sparked my creativity in the earliest days.

The Adventure       

After photographing myself in the mirror, the family dog, and household objects for a week. It was about time and I was itching to get out of the house into the freezing cold to take pictures.

Here comes New Years Eve, and my first venue of choice was Rotary Park, a fairly large and popular spot a few minutes away from my house. I bundled up in layers of clothes and biked down there on an overcast and chilly day. Just about no one was in sight.

Shooting the whole day in full automatic mode and saving as .jpgs, I walked around the various trails in awe, pointing the camera at anything that caught my eye (no wildlife if I remember, this was before I had patience.)

The trails are rather muddy yet that didn’t stop me, this day was like I never skipped a beat from high school photography class. The muscle-memory of point-click-review that digital photography holds became ingrained through brain.

A Lesson Learned

Due to a memory card failure a couple of years ago (that was totally my fault – back up all of your data!!) I no longer have those first batch of photos or some of my other earliest non-nature related work.

I can assure you they were nothing to be proud of, if anything they showed how far I’ve progressed in the past few years.

Everyone Started With Something

What was your first camera? Do you still own or use it? Any fond memories with it? Do you remember or still have the first picture you took with it?

Share it down in the comments. Thank you for reading.

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Oakes Quarry: Walking Through an Ohio Desert

Always obey the signs.

Here is a link to the trail map if you would to follow along as I retell my story. Feel free to download and print it out as well for your own use. Enjoy!

Note: All photos are from the October 2017 trip unless otherwise captioned. I have made a handful of repeat visits since then.

My first trip to Oakes Quarry Park was in October 2017. Located in Fairborn, Ohio. This is a stunning location for Southwest Ohio. Filled with natural history and wonderful hiking trails.

You may be wondering why I chose to blog about this nature place in particular compared to all the others I’ve been to, and it is simply because of the emotions and feelings felt were a little different. This place is unique for what it is.

Simply put, the first trip was quite a revelation for me. Oakes Quarry is unlike most other natural and scenic spots in the Dayton area. I was so used the wetlands, prairies, meadows and woods. This location has a dry and sparse, almost “desert” feel to the landscape and topography that I cannot resist enjoying.

In contrast, Oakes Quarry is the second largest park in Fairborn. Features include horseback trails and footpaths that take you around limestone fossils and fairly steep cliff faces. You may also fish here without a license. There is also a loop trail near the parking lot. The perimeter trail is 2 miles long and worth the repeat hikes.

A back trail at the northern side of the perimeter loop takes you through a densely wooded area with a stream crossing along the footpath. Eventually this leads to an opening at the neighborhood connected to Oakes Quarry.

A variety of bird and other wildlife are present there. Many woodland and grassland birds are found here along with white tailed deer, cottontail, red fox, coyote, raccoon, and red tailed hawk. Below is a small selection of birds I have been able to observe and photograph.

Invasive species removal and reforestation efforts have taken place over time to conserve and protect park developments. I hope this 190 acre park is preserved for decades to come.

Next let’s go back in history..

In 1929, the entire area was surface mined for limestone to make cement, eventually the land was sold to the Oakes family in the 1990’s. Then the family donated the land to the City of Fairborn in 2003.

So I made my way up north on a warm Autumn day. A sunny day with a gentle breeze.

This is the first real view of the park as you make your way through a narrow and (mostly) muddy trail. Soon you will make it to a clearing where you can diverge to the left, right, or straight ahead. I first chose to go forward where you make it to the edge of this lake.

Just stand there and take in the sights and views. Imagine stepping back in time 440 million years ago. Oakes Quarry was a coral reef in a shallow sea. It is simply amazing.

Next I took the way right down the middle to really feel the scale and size of this area. You can see from the image above in the center past the pond, there is a smallish hill that takes you towards the right of the perimeter trail. The rocks are where I stopped and took these photos.

Choosing to press on down the middle of the park, I made it to the far side where tall limestone cliffs are met with crinoid fossil piles. You can spend hours searching the fossil piles and discovering new ones underneath.

This crooked sign warns visitors that rocks may fall and hit you, and that you shouldn’t be climbing or scaling the walls, although I’ve never seen either happen.

A few small hills lead you up to the grand view and spectacle seen below..

It is from this perch where I sat and read a National Geographic Traveler magazine as the sun went down. I spent the majority of that day hiking in awe of this place. Every subsequent visit has been met with this same feeling. Nature is a powerful force to experience!

Graffiti on the rocks is fairly common at Oakes Quarry, December 2018

Oakes Quarry Park is the northernmost section of the Beaver Creek Wetland Corridor and presents unique habitat and green space. Lovers of geology will find the crinoid-era fossils at this site to be one of the best to study in the U.S.

Fossil-diggers, hikers, birders, nature photographers, a quiet evening with your loved one, the list goes on and on. You get the point, I adore this place, and you might too.

For more information and directions about the park, visit
(http://www.beavercreekwetlands.org/maplocations-oakes.html)

Sunset Landscape, December 2018

Have you been here before? What makes this an awesome location to hike and explore? What is your favorite part of the park?

Leave a comment down below, I can’t wait to hear from you!

Take care and get out there.

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